Clint Conrad

Professor of Mantle Dynamics

Office: ZEB-bygget 2.328
University Web Page: Clint Conrad

Centre for Planetary Habitability
Department of Geosciences
University of Oslo
Sem Sælands vei 2A
0371 Oslo

Main | Background | Projects | Results | Research | Publications | News | Group | Courses

My available research output is summarized below, and is grouped as follows: Members of my research group are highlighted in bold, and denoted as:
§undergraduate student, graduate student, or postdoctoral scholar.

Look for the included links to media reports about our work.

Clint Conrad's Peer-Reviewed Publications


  1. Heyn, B.H., G.E. Shephard, and C.P. Conrad (2024), Prolonged multi-phase magmatism due to plume-lithosphere interaction as applied to the High Arctic Large Igneous Province, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 25, e2023GC011380, doi:10.1029/2023GC011380.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplement]
  2. Wang, Y. , Á. Király, C.P. Conrad, L.N. Hansen, and M. Fraters (2024), The importance of anisotropic viscosity in numerical models, for olivine textures in shear and subduction deformations, τeκτoniκa, 2, 157-173, doi:10.55575/tektonika2024.2.1.67.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplement]
  3. Ramirez, F.D.C., K. Selway, C.P. Conrad, V. Maupin, and M. Smirnov (2024), Lateral and radial viscosity structure of Fennoscandia inferred from seismic and magnetotelluric observations, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 351, 107178, doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2024.107178.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Ramirez, F.D.C., C.P. Conrad, and K. Selway (2023), Grain size reduction by plug flow in the wet oceanic upper mantle explains the asthenosphere's low seismic Q zone, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 616,118232, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118232.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplement]
  2. Weerdesteijn, M.F.M., J.B. Naliboff, C.P. Conrad, J.M. Reusen, R. Steffen, T. Heister, and J. Zhang (2023), Modeling viscoelastic solid earth deformation due to ice age and contemporary glacial mass changes in ASPECT, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 24, e2022GC010813, doi:10.1029/2022GC010813.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  3. Paul, J., C.P. Conrad, T.W. Becker, and A. Ghosh (2023), Convective self-compression of cratons and the stabilization of old lithosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, 50, e2022GL101842, doi:10.1029/2022GL101842.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplement]


  1. Weerdesteijn, M.F.M., C.P. Conrad, and J.B. Naliboff (2022), Solid earth uplift due to contemporary ice melt above low-viscosity regions of the upper mantle, Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL099731, doi:10.1029/2022GL099731.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplement]
  2. Ramirez, F.D.C., K. Selway, C.P. Conrad, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2022), Constraining upper mantle viscosity using temperature and water content inferred from seismic and magnetotelluric data, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 127, e2021JB023824, doi:10.1029/2021JB023824.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  3. Marcilly, C.M, T.H Torsvik, and C.P. Conrad (2022), Global Phanerozoic sea levels from paleogeographic flooding maps, Gondwana Research, 110, 128-142, doi:10.1016/
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplement]
    Press: [CEED Blog]
    Erratum: [online] [pdf]
  4. Heyn, B.H., and C.P. Conrad (2022), On the relation between basal erosion of the lithosphere and surface heat flux for continental plume tracks, Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL098003, doi:10.1029/2022GL098003.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplement]
    Press: [CEED Blog]


  1. Karlsen, K.S., C.P. Conrad, M. Domeier, and R.G. Trønnes (2021), Spatiotemporal variations in surface heat loss imply a heterogeneous mantle cooling history, Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL092119, doi:10.1029/2020GL092119.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplement] [Seafloor Age Grids]
    Press: [ (Norwegian)] [New Scientist] [Popular Mechanics] [] [Daily Mail] [Yahoo] [IFL Science]


  1. Király, Á., C.P. Conrad, and L.N. Hansen (2020) Evolving viscous anisotropy in the upper mantle and its geodynamic implications, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 21, e2020GC009159, doi:10.1029/2020GC009159.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplement]
    Online Repository: []
  2. Heyn, B.H., C.P. Conrad, and R.G. Trønnes (2020), Core-mantle boundary topography and its relation to the viscosity structure of the lowermost mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 543, 16358, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116358.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplemental]
  3. Heyn, B.H., C.P. Conrad, and R.G. Trønnes (2020), How thermochemical piles can (periodically) generate plumes at their edges, Journal of Geophysical Research, 125, e2019JB018726, doi:10.1029/2019JB018726.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
    Press: [Highlight in Nature Reviews Earth & Environment]
  4. Karlsen, K.S., M. Domeier, C. Gaina, and C.P. Conrad (2020), A tracer-based algorithm for automatic generation of seafloor age grids from plate tectonic reconstructions, Computers and Geosciences, 140, 104508, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2020.104508.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplemental material]
    TracTec code: [] [Seafloor Age Grids]
    Press: [CEED Blog] []
  5. Sames, B., M. Wagreich, C.P. Conrad, and S. Iqbal (2020) Aquifer-eustasy as the main driver of short-term sea-level fluctuations during Cretaceous hothouse climate phases, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 498, 9-38, doi:10.1144/SP498-2019-105.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [Special Cretaceous Climate Issue]
  6. Hartmann, R., J. Ebbing, and C.P. Conrad (2020), A Multiple 1D Earth Approach (M1DEA) to account for lateral viscosity variations in solutions of the sea level equation: An application for glacial isostatic adjustment by Antarctic deglaciation, Journal of Geodynamics, 135, 101695, doi:10.1016/j.jog.2020.101695.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [GitHub: Rotational Feedback for Selen]


  1. Wessel, P., and C.P. Conrad (2019) Assessing models for Pacific absolute plate and plume motions, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 6016-6032, doi:10.1029/2019GC008647.
    Versions: [online] [preprint]
  2. Torsvik, T.H., B. Steinberger, G.E. Shephard, P.V. Doubrovine, C. Gaina, M Domeier, C.P. Conrad, and W.W. Sager (2019) Pacific-Panthalassic reconstructions: Overview, errata and the way forward, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 3659-3689, doi:10.1029/2019GC008402.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
    Supplemental Files: [PACIFIC.ZIP] [Pacific_EARTHBYTE_Model_R.ZIP]
  3. Karlsen, K.S., C.P. Conrad, and V. Magni (2019), Deep water cycling and sea level change since the breakup of Pangea, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 2919-2935, doi:10.1029/2019GC008232.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
    Press: [NRK (Norwegian)] [Glåmdalen (Norwegian)] [Live Science] [New Scientist] [Futurism]
  4. Crameri, F., C.P. Conrad, L. Montési, and C.R. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2019) The dynamic life of an oceanic plate, Tectonophysics, 760, 107-135, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2018.03.016.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [Torsvik Special Issue]
    Press: [EGU Blog] [EOS]
  5. Steinberger, B., C.P. Conrad, A. Osei Tutu, and M.J. Hoggard (2019) On the amplitude of dynamic topography at spherical harmonic degree two, Tectonophysics, 760, 221-228, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2017.11.032.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [Torsvik Special Issue]
  6. Paul, J., A. Ghosh, and C.P. Conrad (2019) Traction and strain-rate at the base of the lithosphere: An insight into cratonic survival, Geophysical Journal International, 217, 1024-1033, doi:10.1093/gji/ggz079.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplement]
    Erratum: [online] [pdf]


  1. Heyn, B.H., C.P. Conrad, and R.G. Trønnes (2018), Stabilizing effect of compositional viscosity contrasts on thermochemical piles, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 7523-7532, doi:10.1029/2018GL078799.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplemental information]
  2. Watkins, C.E., and C.P. Conrad (2018), Constraints on dynamic topography from asymmetric subsidence of the mid-ocean ridges, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 484, 264-275, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.12.028.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., K. Selway, M.M. Hirschmann, M.D. Ballmer, and P. Wessel (2017), Constraints on volumes and patterns of asthenospheric melt from the space-time distribution of seamounts, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 7203-7210, doi:10.1002/2017GL074098.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  2. Dangendorf, S., M. Marcos, G. Wöppelmann, C.P. Conrad, T. Frederikse, and R. Riva (2017), Reassessment of 20th century global mean sea level rise, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 5946-5951, doi: 10.1073/pnas.161007114.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supporting information]
    Press: [UiO's Titan] [Washington Post] [The Independent] [Deutsche Welle] [] [E&E News] [The Telegraph]
    Blogs: [Union of Concerned Scientists]
    In Norwegian: [CEED Press Release] [UiO's Titan] []


  1. Hansen, L.N., C.P. Conrad, Y. Boneh, P. Skemer, J.M. Warren, and D.L. Kohlstedt (2016), Viscous anisotropy of textured olivine aggregates, Part 2: Micromechanical model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, 7137-7160, doi: 10.1002/2016JB013240.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [auxiliary material]
  2. Plyusnina, E.E., D.A. Ruban, C.P. Conrad, G.d.S. dos Anjos Zerfass, and H. Zerfass (2016), Long-term eustatic cyclicity in the Paleogene: a critical assessment, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 127, 425-434, doi: 10.1016/j.pgeola.2016.03.006.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  3. Veit, E., and C.P. Conrad (2016), The impact of groundwater depletion on spatial variations in sea level change during the past century, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 3351-3359, doi:10.1029/2012GL068118.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [sea level response model]
  4. Sames, B., M. Wagreich, J.E. Wendler, B.U. Haq, C.P. Conrad, M.C. Melinte-Dobrinescu, X. Hu, I. Wendler, E. Wolfgring, I.Ö. Yilmaz, and S.O. Zorina (2016), Review: Short-term sea-level changes in a greenhouse world - a view from the Cretaceous, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 441, Part 3, 393-411, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.10.045.
    Versions: [online] [Cretaceous Sea Level Volume] [reprint]


  1. Becker, T.W., A.J. Schaeffer, S. Lebedev, and C.P. Conrad (2015), Toward a generalized plate motion reference frame, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 3188-3196, doi:10.1002/2015GL063695.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplementary material]
  2. Ballmer, M.D., C.P. Conrad, E.I. Smith, and R. Johnsen (2015), Intraplate volcanism at the edges of the Colorado Plateau sustained by a combination of triggered edge-driven convection and shear-driven upwelling, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16, 366-379, doi:10.1002/2014GC005641.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [auxiliary material]


  1. Becker, T.W., C.P. Conrad, A.J. Schaeffer, and S. Lebedev (2014), Origin of azimuthal seismic anisotropy in ocean plates and mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 401, 236-250, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.06.014.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [supplementary material]


  1. Ruban, D.A., and C.P. Conrad (2013), Late Silurian-Middle Devonian long-term shoreline shifts on the northern Gondwanan margin: Eustatic versus tectonic controls, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 124, 883-892, doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2012.12.004.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  2. Conrad, C.P. (2013), The solid earth's influence on sea level, Geological Society of America Bulletin, 125, 1027-1052, doi:10.1130/B30764.1.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [cover image]
    In Spanish: [NCYT Amazings]
  3. Conrad, C.P., B. Steinberger, and T.H. Torsvik (2013), Stability of active mantle upwelling revealed by net characteristics of plate tectonics, Nature, 498, 479-482, doi:10.1038/nature12203.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [online supplement] [auxiliary material]
    [Comment and Reply, reprint ]
    Press: [NBC News] [] [Science Daily]
    Hawaiian Media: [UH Manoa] [Star-Advertiser Reprint] [Star-Advertiser Local Section]
    For Kids: [Science News for Kids]
    In German: [scinexx] [innovations report]
    In French: [futura-sciences]
  4. van Summeren, J., E. Gaidos, and C.P. Conrad (2013), Magnetodynamo lifetimes for rocky, Earth-mass exoplanets with contrasting mantle convection regimes, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118, 938-951, doi:10.1002/jgre.20077.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  5. Ballmer, M.D., C.P. Conrad, E.I. Smith, and N. Harmon (2013), Non-hotspot volcano chains produced by migration of shear-driven upwelling toward the East Pacific Rise, Geology, 41, 479-482, doi:10.1130/G33804.1.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [auxiliary material]
    Press: [News note in Earth]
  6. Faccenna, C., T.W. Becker, C.P. Conrad, and L. Husson (2013), Mountain building and mantle dynamics, Tectonics, 32, 80-93, doi:10.1029/2012TC003176.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Husson, L., and C.P. Conrad (2012), On the location of hotspots in the framework of mantle convection, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L17304, doi:10.1029/2012GL052866.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [table]
  2. Natarov, S.I., and C.P. Conrad (2012), The role of Poiseuille flow in creating depth-variation of asthenospheric shear, Geophysical Journal International, 190 , 1297-1310, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05562.x.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  3. Combes, M., C. Grigné, L. Husson, C.P. Conrad, S. Le Yaouanq, M. Parenthoën, C. Tisseau, and J. Tisseau (2012), Multiagent simulation of evolutive plate tectonics applied to the thermal evolution of the Earth, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, Q05006, doi:10.1029/2011GC004014.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  4. Heuret, A., C.P. Conrad, F. Funiciello, S. Lallemand, and L. Sandri (2012), Relation between subduction megathrust earthquakes, trench sediment thickness and upper plate strain, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L05304, doi:10.1029/2011GL050712.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [auxiliary material]
  5. van Summeren, J., C.P. Conrad, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2012), The importance of slab pull and a global asthenosphere to plate motions, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, Q0AK03, doi:10.1029/2011GC003873.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [theme issue]
  6. Husson, L., C.P. Conrad, and C. Faccenna (2012), Plate motions, Andean orogeny, and volcanism above the South Atlantic convection cell, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 317-318, 126-135, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.11.040.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  7. Ruban, D.A., S.O. Zorina, C.P. Conrad, and N.I. Afanasieva (2012), In quest of Paleocene global-scale transgressions and regressions: constraints from a synthesis of regional trends, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 123, 7-18, doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2011.08.003.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Bianco, T.A., C.P. Conrad, and E.I. Smith (2011), Time-dependence of intraplate volcanism caused by shear-driven upwelling of low-viscosity regions within the asthenosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, B11103, doi:10.1029/2011JB008270.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  2. van Summeren, J., C.P. Conrad, and E. Gaidos (2011), Mantle convection, plate tectonics, and volcanism on hot exo-Earths, The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 736, L15, doi:10.1088/2041-8205/736/1/L15.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
    Press: [abstract in ExoPlanet News]
  3. Conrad, C.P., T.A. Bianco, E.I. Smith, and P. Wessel (2011), Patterns of intraplate volcanism controlled by asthenospheric shear, Nature Geoscience, 4, 317-321, doi:10.1038/ngeo1111.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [online supplement]
    Basaltic volcanism locations: [intraplate ] [other]
    Press: [news & views] [news note in Earth] [article in New Scientist]


  1. Ruban, D., C.P. Conrad, and A.J. van Loon (2010), The challenge of reconstructing the Phanerozoic sea level and the Pacific Basin tectonics, Geologos, 16, 237-245, doi:10.2478/v10118-010-0007-9. [online version] [reprint]
  2. Ruban, D., S. Zorina, and C.P. Conrad (2010), No global-scale transgressive-regressive cycles in the Thanetian (Paleocene): evidence from interregional correlation, Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 295, 226-235, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.05.040.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  3. Gaidos, E., C.P. Conrad, M. Manga, and J. Hernlund (2010), Thermodynamic limits on magnetodynamos in rocky exoplanets, Astrophysical Journal, 718, 596-609, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/718/2/596.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  4. Fiedler§, J.W., and C.P. Conrad (2010), Spatial variability of sea level rise due to water impoundment behind dams, Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L12603, doi:10.1029/2010GL043462.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [response model]
    Press: [highlight in Nature]
  5. Conrad, C.P., and M.D. Behn (2010), Constraints on lithosphere net rotation and asthenospheric viscosity from global mantle flow models and seismic anisotropy, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 11, Q05W05, doi:10.1029/2009GC002970.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [theme issue] [mantle flow model]
  6. Conrad, C.P., B. Wu, E.I. Smith, T.A. Bianco, and A. Tibbetts (2010), Shear-driven upwelling induced by lateral viscosity variations and asthenospheric shear: A mechanism for intraplate volcanism, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 178, 162-175, doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2009.10.001.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
    Press: [highlight in Nature Geoscience] [summary on]


  1. Naliboff, J.B., C.P. Conrad, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2009), Modification of the Lithospheric Stress Field by Lateral Variations in Plate-Mantle Coupling, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L22307, doi:10.1029/2009GL040484.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
    Press: [Highlight in EOS]
  2. Conrad, C.P., and L. Husson (2009), Influence of dynamic topography on sea level and its rate of change, Lithosphere, 1, 110-120, doi:10.1130/L32.1.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [dynamic topography model]
  3. Cooper, C.M., and C.P. Conrad (2009), Does the mantle control the maximum thickness of cratons?, Lithosphere, 1, 67-72, doi:10.1130/L40.1.
    Versions: [online] [erratum] [reprint]
  4. Métivier, L., O. de Viron, C.P. Conrad, S. Renault, M. Diament, and G. Patau (2009), Evidence of earthquake triggering by the solid earth tides, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 278, 370-375, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.12.024.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
    Press: [New Scientist Article] [ Article (in German)]
  5. Becker, T.W., C.P. Conrad, B. Buffett, and R.D. Müller (2009), Past and present seafloor age distributions and the temporal evolution of plate tectonic heat transport, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 278, 233-242, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.12.007.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Métivier, L., and C.P. Conrad (2008), Body tides of a convecting, laterally heterogeneous, and aspherical Earth, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B11405, doi:10.1029/2007JB005448.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [auxiliary material]
  2. Meade, B.J., and C.P. Conrad (2008), Andean growth and the deceleration of South American subduction: Time evolution of a coupled orogen-subduction system, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 275, 93-101, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.08.007.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
    Press: [highlight in Nature Geoscience]
  3. Smith, E.I., C.P. Conrad, T. Plank, A. Tibbetts, and D. Keenan (2008), Testing models for basaltic volcanism: implications for Yucca Mountain, Nevada, American Nuclear Society, Proceedings of the 12th International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference, 157-164.
    Versions: [printed] [volume toc] [reprint]
  4. Wu, B., C.P. Conrad, and A. Heuret, C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, and S. Lallemand (2008), Reconciling strong slab pull and weak plate bending: The plate motion constraint on the strength of mantle slabs, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 272, 412-421, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.05.009
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [table 1]
  5. Husson, L., C.P. Conrad, and C. Faccenna (2008), Tethyan closure, Andean orogeny, and westward drift of the Pacific basin, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 271, 303-310, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.04.022.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
    Press: [highlight in Nature Geoscience]


  1. Loyd, S.J., T.W. Becker, C.P. Conrad, C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, and F.A. Corsetti (2007), Time variability in Cenozoic reconstructions of mantle heat flow: Plate tectonic cycles and implications for Earth's thermal evolution, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104, 14266-14271, doi:10.1073/pnas.0706667104.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
    Press: [Science Daily] [Synopsis at PNAS]
  2. Conrad, C.P., M.D. Behn, and P.G. Silver (2007), Global mantle flow and the development of seismic anisotropy: Differences between the oceanic and continental upper mantle, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, B07317, doi:10.1029/2006JB004608.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [auxiliary material] [flow model and anisotropy code]
  3. Steiner, S.A., and C.P. Conrad (2007), Does active mantle upwelling help drive plate motions?, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 161, 103-114, doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2007.01.005.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  4. Conrad, C.P., and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2007), Faster seafloor spreading and lithosphere production during the mid-Cenozoic, Geology, 35, 29-32, doi:10.1130/G22759A.1.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [spreading rate data]
    Press: [highlight in Nature]


  1. Husson, L., and C.P. Conrad (2006), Tectonic velocities, dynamic topography, and relative sea level, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L18303, doi:10.1029/2006GL026834.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  2. Conrad, C.P., and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2006), Influence of continental roots and asthenosphere on plate-mantle coupling, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L05312, doi:10.1029/2005GL025621.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [lithosphere thickness model]
    Press: [xkcd cartoon] [s-Ink figure]
  3. Xu, X., C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, and C.P. Conrad (2006), Global reconstructions of Cenozoic seafloor ages: Implications for bathymetry and sea level, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 243, 552-564, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.01.010.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Jahren, A.H., C.P. Conrad, N.C. Arens, G. Mora, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2005), A plate tectonic mechanism for methane hydrate release along subduction zones, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 236, 691-704, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.06.009.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  2. Bilek, S.L., C.P. Conrad, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2005), Slab pull, slab weakening, and their relation to deep intra-slab seismicity, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L14305, doi:10.1029/2005GL022922.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., S. Bilek, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2004), Great earthquakes and slab pull: interaction between seismic coupling and plate-slab coupling, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 218, 109-122, doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00643-5
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  2. Conrad, C.P., C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, and K.E. Louden (2004), Iceland, the Farallon slab, and dynamic topography of the North Atlantic, Geology, 32, 177-180, doi:10.1130/G20137.1.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  3. Conrad, C.P., and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2004), The temporal evolution of plate driving forces: Importance of "slab suction" versus "slab pull" during the Cenozoic, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, B10407, doi:10.1029/2004JB002991.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  4. Behn, M.D., C.P. Conrad, and P.G. Silver (2004), Detection of upper mantle flow associated with the African superplume, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 224, 259-274, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2004.05.026.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., and M. Gurnis (2003), Mantle flow, seismic tomography and the breakup of Gondwanaland: Integrating mantle convection backwards in time, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 4, 1031, doi:10.1029/2001GC000299.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2002), How mantle slabs drive plate tectonics, Science, 298, 207-209, doi:10.1126/science.1074161.
    Versions: [online] [reprint] [online supplement]
    Press: [U. Michigan press release] [Geotimes article]


  1. Conrad, C.P., and B.H. Hager (2001), Mantle convection with strong subduction zones, Geophysical Journal International, 144, 271-288, doi:10.1046/j.1365-246x.2001.00321.x.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  2. Lithgow-Bertelloni, C., M.A. Richards, C.P. Conrad, and R.W. Griffiths (2001), Plume generation in natural and thermal convection at high Rayleigh and Prandtl numbers, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 434, 1-21, doi:10.1017/S0022112001003706.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P. (2000), Convective instability of thickening mantle lithosphere, Geophysical Journal International, 143, 52-70, doi:10.1046/j.1365-246x.2000.00214.x.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., and B.H. Hager (1999), Effects of plate bending and fault strength at subduction zones on plate dynamics, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 17551-17571, doi:10.1029/1999JB900149.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  2. Conrad, C.P., and B.H. Hager (1999), The thermal evolution of an earth with strong subduction zones, Geophysical Research Letters, 26, 3041-3044, doi:10.1029/1999GL005397.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  3. Conrad, C.P., and P. Molnar (1999), Convective instability of a boundary layer with temperature- and strain-rate-dependent viscosity in terms of "available buoyancy", Geophysical Journal International, 139, 51-68, doi:10.1046/j.1365-246X.1999.00896.x.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Molnar, P., G.A. Houseman, and C.P. Conrad (1998), Rayleigh-Taylor instability and convective thinning of mechanically thickened lithosphere: Effects of non-linear viscosity decreasing exponentially with depth and of horizontal shortening of the layer, Geophysical Journal International, 133, 568-584, doi:10.1046/j.1365-246X.1998.00510.x.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., and B.H. Hager (1997), Spatial variations in the rate of sea level rise caused by the present-day melting of glaciers and ice sheets, Geophysical Research Letters, 24, 1503-1506, doi:10.1029/97GL01338.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]
  2. Conrad, C.P., and P. Molnar (1997), The growth of Rayleigh-Taylor-type instabilities in the lithosphere for various rheological and density structures, Geophysical Journal International, 129, 95-112, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.1997.tb00939.x.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]



  1. Conrad, C.P., and B.H. Hager (1995), The elastic response of the earth to interannual variations in Antarctic precipitation, Geophysical Research Letters, 22, 3183-3186, doi:10.1029/95GL03176.
    Versions: [online] [reprint]

Clint Conrad's Other Publications

Clint Conrad's Public Lectures