Clint Conrad

Professor of Mantle Dynamics

Office: ZEB-bygget 2.328

Centre for Earth Evolution and Dynamics (CEED)
Department of Geosciences
University of Oslo
Postboks 1028 Blindern
N-0315 Oslo

Main | Background | Projects & Models | Research Areas | Publications | Group | Courses

My available research output is summarized below, and is grouped as follows: Members of my research group are highlighted in bold, and denoted as:
§undergraduate student, graduate student , or postdoctoral scholar.

Look for the included links to media reports about our work.

Clint Conrad's Peer-Reviewed Publications


  1. Heyn, B.H., C.P. Conrad, and R.G. Trønnes (2020), Core-mantle boundary topography and its relation to the viscosity structure of the lowermost mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 543, 16358, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116358. [online version] [reprint] [supplemental]
  2. Heyn, B.H., C.P. Conrad, and R.G. Trønnes (2020), How thermochemical piles can (periodically) generate plumes at their edges, Journal of Geophysical Research, 125, e2019JB018726, doi:10.1029/2019JB018726. [online version] [reprint]
    Press: [Highlight in Nature Reviews Earth & Environment]
  3. Karlsen, K.S., M. Domeier, C. Gaina, and C.P. Conrad (2020), A tracer-based algorithm for automatic generation of seafloor age grids from plate tectonic reconstructions, Computers and Geosciences, 140, 104508, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2020.104508. [online version] [reprint] [supplemental material] [TracTec code]
    Press: [CEED Blog] []
  4. Sames, B., M. Wagreich, C.P. Conrad, and S. Iqbal (2020) Aquifer-eustasy as the main driver of short-term sea-level fluctuations during Cretaceous hothouse climate phases, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 498, 9-38, doi:10.1144/SP498-2019-105. [online version] [reprint] [Special Cretaceous Climate Issue]
  5. Hartmann, R., J. Ebbing, and C.P. Conrad (2020), A Multiple 1D Earth Approach (M1DEA) to account for lateral viscosity variations in solutions of the sea level equation: An application for glacial isostatic adjustment by Antarctic deglaciation, Journal of Geodynamics, 135, 101695, doi:10.1016/j.jog.2020.101695. [online version] [reprint] [GitHub: Rotational Feedback for Selen]


  1. Wessel, P., and C.P. Conrad (2019) Assessing models for Pacific absolute plate and plume motions, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 6016-6032, doi:10.1029/2019GC008647. [online version] [preprint]
  2. Torsvik, T.H., B. Steinberger, G.E. Shephard, P.V. Doubrovine, C. Gaina, M Domeier, C.P. Conrad, and W.W. Sager (2019) Pacific-Panthalassic reconstructions: Overview, errata and the way forward, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 3659-3689, doi:10.1029/2019GC008402. [online version] [reprint]
    Supplemental Files: [PACIFIC.ZIP] [Pacific_EARTHBYTE_Model_R.ZIP]
  3. Karlsen, K.S., C.P. Conrad, and V. Magni (2019), Deep water cycling and sea level change since the breakup of Pangea, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 2919-2935, doi:10.1029/2019GC008232. [online version] [reprint]
    Press: [NRK (Norwegian)] [Glåmdalen (Norwegian)] [Live Science] [New Scientist] [Futurism]
  4. Crameri, F., C.P. Conrad, L. Montési, and C.R. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2019) The dynamic life of an oceanic plate, Tectonophysics, 760, 107-135, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2018.03.016. [online version] [reprint] [Torsvik Special Issue]
    Press: [EGU Blog] [EOS]
  5. Steinberger, B., C.P. Conrad, A. Osei Tutu, and M.J. Hoggard (2019) On the amplitude of dynamic topography at spherical harmonic degree two, Tectonophysics, 760, 221-228, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2017.11.032. [online version] [reprint] [Torsvik Special Issue]
  6. Paul, J., A. Ghosh, and C.P. Conrad (2019) Traction and strain-rate at the base of the lithosphere: An insight into cratonic survival, Geophysical Journal International, 217, 1024-1033, doi:10.1093/gji/ggz079. [online version] [reprint] [erratum] [supplemental material]


  1. Heyn, B.H., C.P. Conrad, and R.G. Trønnes (2018), Stabilizing effect of compositional viscosity contrasts on thermochemical piles, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 7523-7532, doi:10.1029/2018GL078799. [online version] [reprint] [supplemental information]
  2. Watkins, C.E., and C.P. Conrad (2018), Constraints on dynamic topography from asymmetric subsidence of the mid-ocean ridges, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 484, 264-275, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.12.028. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., K. Selway, M.M. Hirschmann, M.D. Ballmer, and P. Wessel (2017), Constraints on volumes and patterns of asthenospheric melt from the space-time distribution of seamounts, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 7203-7210, doi:10.1002/2017GL074098. [online version] [reprint]
  2. Dangendorf, S., M. Marcos, G. Wöppelmann, C.P. Conrad, T. Frederikse, and R. Riva (2017), Reassessment of 20th century global mean sea level rise, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 5946-5951, doi: 10.1073/pnas.161007114. [online version] [reprint] [supporting information]
    Press: [UiO's Titan] [Washington Post] [The Independent] [Deutsche Welle] [] [E&E News] [The Telegraph]
    Blogs: [Union of Concerned Scientists]
    In Norwegian: [CEED Press Release] [UiO's Titan] []


  1. Hansen, L.N., C.P. Conrad, Y. Boneh, P. Skemer, J.M. Warren, and D.L. Kohlstedt (2016), Viscous anisotropy of textured olivine aggregates, Part 2: Micromechanical model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, 7137-7160, doi: 10.1002/2016JB013240. [online version] [reprint] [auxiliary material]
  2. Plyusnina, E.E., D.A. Ruban, C.P. Conrad, G.d.S. dos Anjos Zerfass, and H. Zerfass (2016), Long-term eustatic cyclicity in the Paleogene: a critical assessment, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 127, 425-434, doi: 10.1016/j.pgeola.2016.03.006. [online version] [reprint]
  3. Veit, E., and C.P. Conrad (2016), The impact of groundwater depletion on spatial variations in sea level change during the past century, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 3351-3359, doi:10.1029/2012GL068118. [online version] [reprint] [sea level response model]
  4. Sames, B., M. Wagreich, J.E. Wendler, B.U. Haq, C.P. Conrad, M.C. Melinte-Dobrinescu, X. Hu, I. Wendler, E. Wolfgring, I.Ö. Yilmaz, and S.O. Zorina (2016), Review: Short-term sea-level changes in a greenhouse world - a view from the Cretaceous, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 441, Part 3, 393-411, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.10.045. [online version] [Cretaceous Sea Level Volume] [reprint]


  1. Becker, T.W., A.J. Schaeffer, S. Lebedev, and C.P. Conrad (2015), Toward a generalized plate motion reference frame, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 3188-3196, doi:10.1002/2015GL063695. [online version] [reprint] [supplementary material]
  2. Ballmer, M.D., C.P. Conrad, E.I. Smith, and R. Johnsen (2015), Intraplate volcanism at the edges of the Colorado Plateau sustained by a combination of triggered edge-driven convection and shear-driven upwelling, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16, 366-379, doi:10.1002/2014GC005641. [online version] [reprint] [auxiliary material]


  1. Becker, T.W., C.P. Conrad, A.J. Schaeffer, and S. Lebedev (2014), Origin of azimuthal seismic anisotropy in ocean plates and mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 401, 236-250, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.06.014. [online version] [reprint] [supplementary material]


  1. Ruban, D.A., and C.P. Conrad (2013), Late Silurian-Middle Devonian long-term shoreline shifts on the northern Gondwanan margin: Eustatic versus tectonic controls, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 124, 883-892, doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2012.12.004. [online version] [reprint]
  2. Conrad, C.P. (2013), The solid earth's influence on sea level, Geological Society of America Bulletin, 125, 1027-1052, doi:10.1130/B30764.1. [online version] [reprint] [cover image]
    In Spanish: [NCYT Amazings]
  3. Conrad, C.P., B. Steinberger, and T.H. Torsvik (2013), Stability of active mantle upwelling revealed by net characteristics of plate tectonics, Nature, 498, 479-482, doi:10.1038/nature12203. [online version] [reprint] [online supplement] [auxiliary material]
    [Comment and Reply, reprint ]
    Press: [NBC News] [] [Science Daily]
    Hawaiian Media: [UH Manoa] [Star-Advertiser Reprint] [Star-Advertiser Local Section]
    For Kids: [Science News for Kids]
    In German: [scinexx] [innovations report]
    In French: [futura-sciences]
  4. van Summeren, J., E. Gaidos, and C.P. Conrad (2013), Magnetodynamo lifetimes for rocky, Earth-mass exoplanets with contrasting mantle convection regimes, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118, 938-951, doi:10.1002/jgre.20077. [online version] [reprint]
  5. Ballmer, M.D., C.P. Conrad, E.I. Smith, and N. Harmon (2013), Non-hotspot volcano chains produced by migration of shear-driven upwelling toward the East Pacific Rise, Geology, 41, 479-482, doi:10.1130/G33804.1. [online version] [reprint] [auxiliary material]
    Press: [News note in Earth]
  6. Faccenna, C., T.W. Becker, C.P. Conrad, and L. Husson (2013), Mountain building and mantle dynamics, Tectonics, 32, 80-93, doi:10.1029/2012TC003176. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Husson, L., and C.P. Conrad (2012), On the location of hotspots in the framework of mantle convection, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L17304, doi:10.1029/2012GL052866. [online version] [reprint] [table]
  2. Natarov, S.I., and C.P. Conrad (2012), The role of Poiseuille flow in creating depth-variation of asthenospheric shear, Geophysical Journal International, 190 , 1297-1310, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05562.x. [online version] [reprint]
  3. Combes, M., C. Grigné, L. Husson, C.P. Conrad, S. Le Yaouanq, M. Parenthoën, C. Tisseau, and J. Tisseau (2012), Multiagent simulation of evolutive plate tectonics applied to the thermal evolution of the Earth, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, Q05006, doi:10.1029/2011GC004014. [online version] [reprint]
  4. Heuret, A., C.P. Conrad, F. Funiciello, S. Lallemand, and L. Sandri (2012), Relation between subduction megathrust earthquakes, trench sediment thickness and upper plate strain, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L05304, doi:10.1029/2011GL050712. [online version] [reprint] [auxiliary material]
  5. van Summeren, J., C.P. Conrad, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2012), The importance of slab pull and a global asthenosphere to plate motions, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, Q0AK03, doi:10.1029/2011GC003873. [online version] [reprint] [theme issue]
  6. Husson, L., C.P. Conrad, and C. Faccenna (2012), Plate motions, Andean orogeny, and volcanism above the South Atlantic convection cell, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 317-318, 126-135, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.11.040. [online version] [reprint]
  7. Ruban, D.A., S.O. Zorina, C.P. Conrad, and N.I. Afanasieva (2012), In quest of Paleocene global-scale transgressions and regressions: constraints from a synthesis of regional trends, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 123, 7-18, doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2011.08.003. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Bianco, T.A., C.P. Conrad, and E.I. Smith (2011), Time-dependence of intraplate volcanism caused by shear-driven upwelling of low-viscosity regions within the asthenosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, B11103, doi:10.1029/2011JB008270. [online version] [reprint]
  2. van Summeren, J., C.P. Conrad, and E. Gaidos (2011), Mantle convection, plate tectonics, and volcanism on hot exo-Earths, The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 736, L15, doi:10.1088/2041-8205/736/1/L15. [online version] [reprint]
    Press: [abstract in ExoPlanet News]
  3. Conrad, C.P., T.A. Bianco, E.I. Smith, and P. Wessel (2011), Patterns of intraplate volcanism controlled by asthenospheric shear, Nature Geoscience, 4, 317-321, doi:10.1038/ngeo1111. [online version] [reprint] [online supplement]
    Basaltic volcanism locations: [intraplate ] [other]
    Press: [news & views] [news note in Earth] [article in New Scientist]


  1. Ruban, D., C.P. Conrad, and A.J. van Loon (2010), The challenge of reconstructing the Phanerozoic sea level and the Pacific Basin tectonics, Geologos, 16, 237-245, doi:10.2478/v10118-010-0007-9. [online version] [reprint]
  2. Ruban, D., S. Zorina, and C.P. Conrad (2010), No global-scale transgressive-regressive cycles in the Thanetian (Paleocene): evidence from interregional correlation, Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 295, 226-235, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.05.040. [online version] [reprint]
  3. Gaidos, E., C.P. Conrad, M. Manga, and J. Hernlund (2010), Thermodynamic limits on magnetodynamos in rocky exoplanets, Astrophysical Journal, 718, 596-609, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/718/2/596. [online version] [reprint]
  4. Fiedler§, J.W., and C.P. Conrad (2010), Spatial variability of sea level rise due to water impoundment behind dams, Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L12603, doi:10.1029/2010GL043462. [online version] [reprint] [response model]
    Press: [highlight in Nature]
  5. Conrad, C.P., and M.D. Behn (2010), Constraints on lithosphere net rotation and asthenospheric viscosity from global mantle flow models and seismic anisotropy, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 11, Q05W05, doi:10.1029/2009GC002970. [online version] [reprint] [theme issue] [mantle flow model]
  6. Conrad, C.P., B. Wu, E.I. Smith, T.A. Bianco, and A. Tibbetts (2010), Shear-driven upwelling induced by lateral viscosity variations and asthenospheric shear: A mechanism for intraplate volcanism, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 178, 162-175, doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2009.10.001. [online version] [reprint]
    Press: [highlight in Nature Geoscience] [summary on]


  1. Naliboff, J.B., C.P. Conrad, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2009), Modification of the Lithospheric Stress Field by Lateral Variations in Plate-Mantle Coupling, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L22307, doi:10.1029/2009GL040484. [online version] [reprint]
    Press: [Highlight in EOS]
  2. Conrad, C.P., and L. Husson (2009), Influence of dynamic topography on sea level and its rate of change, Lithosphere, 1, 110-120, doi:10.1130/L32.1. [online version] [reprint] [dynamic topography model]
  3. Cooper, C.M., and C.P. Conrad (2009), Does the mantle control the maximum thickness of cratons?, Lithosphere, 1, 67-72, doi:10.1130/L40.1. [online version] [erratum] [reprint]
  4. Métivier, L., O. de Viron, C.P. Conrad, S. Renault, M. Diament, and G. Patau (2009), Evidence of earthquake triggering by the solid earth tides, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 278, 370-375, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.12.024. [online version] [reprint]
    Press: [New Scientist Article] [ Article (in German)]
  5. Becker, T.W., C.P. Conrad, B. Buffett, and R.D. Müller (2009), Past and present seafloor age distributions and the temporal evolution of plate tectonic heat transport, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 278, 233-242, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.12.007. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Métivier, L., and C.P. Conrad (2008), Body tides of a convecting, laterally heterogeneous, and aspherical Earth, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B11405, doi:10.1029/2007JB005448. [online version] [reprint] [auxiliary material]
  2. Meade, B.J., and C.P. Conrad (2008), Andean growth and the deceleration of South American subduction: Time evolution of a coupled orogen-subduction system, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 275, 93-101, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.08.007. [online version] [reprint]
    Press: [highlight in Nature Geoscience]
  3. Smith, E.I., C.P. Conrad, T. Plank, A. Tibbetts, and D. Keenan (2008), Testing models for basaltic volcanism: implications for Yucca Mountain, Nevada, American Nuclear Society, Proceedings of the 12th International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference, 157-164. [printed version] [reprint]
  4. Wu, B., C.P. Conrad, and A. Heuret, C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, and S. Lallemand (2008), Reconciling strong slab pull and weak plate bending: The plate motion constraint on the strength of mantle slabs, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 272, 412-421, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.05.009 [online version] [reprint] [table 1]
  5. Husson, L., C.P. Conrad, and C. Faccenna (2008), Tethyan closure, Andean orogeny, and westward drift of the Pacific basin, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 271, 303-310, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.04.022. [online version] [reprint]
    Press: [highlight in Nature Geoscience]


  1. Loyd, S.J., T.W. Becker, C.P. Conrad, C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, and F.A. Corsetti (2007), Time variability in Cenozoic reconstructions of mantle heat flow: Plate tectonic cycles and implications for Earth's thermal evolution, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104, 14266-14271, doi:10.1073/pnas.0706667104. [online version] [reprint]
    Press: [Science Daily] [Synopsis at PNAS]
  2. Conrad, C.P., M.D. Behn, and P.G. Silver (2007), Global mantle flow and the development of seismic anisotropy: Differences between the oceanic and continental upper mantle, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, B07317, doi:10.1029/2006JB004608. [online version] [reprint] [auxiliary material] [flow model and anisotropy code]
  3. Steiner, S.A., and C.P. Conrad (2007), Does active mantle upwelling help drive plate motions?, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 161, 103-114, doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2007.01.005. [online version] [reprint]
  4. Conrad, C.P., and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2007), Faster seafloor spreading and lithosphere production during the mid-Cenozoic, Geology, 35, 29-32, doi:10.1130/G22759A.1. [online version] [reprint] [spreading rate data]
    Press: [highlight in Nature]


  1. Husson, L., and C.P. Conrad (2006), Tectonic velocities, dynamic topography, and relative sea level, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L18303, doi:10.1029/2006GL026834. [online version] [reprint]
  2. Conrad, C.P., and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2006), Influence of continental roots and asthenosphere on plate-mantle coupling, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L05312, doi:10.1029/2005GL025621. [online version] [reprint] [lithosphere thickness model]
    Press: [xkcd cartoon]
  3. Xu, X., C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, and C.P. Conrad (2006), Global reconstructions of Cenozoic seafloor ages: Implications for bathymetry and sea level, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 243, 552-564, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.01.010. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Jahren, A.H., C.P. Conrad, N.C. Arens, G. Mora, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2005), A plate tectonic mechanism for methane hydrate release along subduction zones, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 236, 691-704, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.06.009. [online version] [reprint]
  2. Bilek, S.L., C.P. Conrad, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2005), Slab pull, slab weakening, and their relation to deep intra-slab seismicity, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L14305, doi:10.1029/2005GL022922. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., S. Bilek, and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2004), Great earthquakes and slab pull: interaction between seismic coupling and plate-slab coupling, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 218, 109-122, doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00643-5 [online version] [reprint]
  2. Conrad, C.P., C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, and K.E. Louden (2004), Iceland, the Farallon slab, and dynamic topography of the North Atlantic, Geology, 32, 177-180, doi:10.1130/G20137.1 [online version] [reprint]
  3. Conrad, C.P., and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2004), The temporal evolution of plate driving forces: Importance of "slab suction" versus "slab pull" during the Cenozoic, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, B10407, doi:10.1029/2004JB002991. [online version] [reprint]
  4. Behn, M.D., C.P. Conrad, and P.G. Silver (2004), Detection of upper mantle flow associated with the African superplume, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 224, 259-274, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2004.05.026. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., and M. Gurnis (2003), Mantle flow, seismic tomography and the breakup of Gondwanaland: Integrating mantle convection backwards in time, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 4, 1031, doi:10.1029/2001GC000299. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., and C. Lithgow-Bertelloni (2002), How mantle slabs drive plate tectonics, Science, 298, 207-209, doi:10.1126/science.1074161. [online version] [reprint] [online supplement]
    Press: [U. Michigan press release] [Geotimes article]


  1. Conrad, C.P., and B.H. Hager (2001), Mantle convection with strong subduction zones, Geophysical Journal International, 144, 271-288, doi:10.1046/j.1365-246x.2001.00321.x. [online version] [reprint]
  2. Lithgow-Bertelloni, C., M.A. Richards, C.P. Conrad, and R.W. Griffiths (2001), Plume generation in natural and thermal convection at high Rayleigh and Prandtl numbers, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 434, 1-21, doi:10.1017/S0022112001003706. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P. (2000), Convective instability of thickening mantle lithosphere, Geophysical Journal International, 143, 52-70, doi:10.1046/j.1365-246x.2000.00214.x. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., and B.H. Hager (1999), Effects of plate bending and fault strength at subduction zones on plate dynamics, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 17551-17571, doi:10.1029/1999JB900149. [online version] [reprint]
  2. Conrad, C.P., and B.H. Hager (1999), The thermal evolution of an earth with strong subduction zones, Geophysical Research Letters, 26, 3041-3044, doi:10.1029/1999GL005397. [online version] [reprint]
  3. Conrad, C.P., and P. Molnar (1999), Convective instability of a boundary layer with temperature- and strain-rate-dependent viscosity in terms of "available buoyancy", Geophysical Journal International, 139, 51-68, doi:10.1046/j.1365-246X.1999.00896.x. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Molnar, P., G.A. Houseman, and C.P. Conrad (1998), Rayleigh-Taylor instability and convective thinning of mechanically thickened lithosphere: Effects of non-linear viscosity decreasing exponentially with depth and of horizontal shortening of the layer, Geophysical Journal International, 133, 568-584, doi:10.1046/j.1365-246X.1998.00510.x. [online version] [reprint]


  1. Conrad, C.P., and B.H. Hager (1997), Spatial variations in the rate of sea level rise caused by the present-day melting of glaciers and ice sheets, Geophysical Research Letters, 24, 1503-1506, doi:10.1029/97GL01338. [online version] [reprint]
  2. Conrad, C.P., and P. Molnar (1997), The growth of Rayleigh-Taylor-type instabilities in the lithosphere for various rheological and density structures, Geophysical Journal International, 129, 95-112, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.1997.tb00939.x. [online version] [reprint]



  1. Conrad, C.P., and B.H. Hager (1995), The elastic response of the earth to interannual variations in Antarctic precipitation, Geophysical Research Letters, 22, 3183-3186, doi:10.1029/95GL03176. [online version] [reprint]

Clint Conrad's Other Publications

  • Crameri, F., G.E. Shephard, and C.P. Conrad (2019), Plate Tectonics, in Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elsevier, doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.12393-0. [online version] [preprint]
  • Gaina, C., C. Mac Niocaill, C.P. Conrad, B. Steinberger, and H.H. Svensen (2019), Linking plate tectonics and volcanism to deep earth dynamics - A tribute to Trond H. Torsvik, Tectonophysics, 760, 1-3, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2019.03.002. [online version] [reprint] [Torsvik Special Issue]
  • Conrad, C.P. (2017), How good were the old forecasts of sea level rise?, in EGU Geodynamics Blog, ed. by G. Shephard. [article]
  • Sames, B., M. Wagreich, and C.P. Conrad (2016), Why do Cretaceous sea-level changes matter in today's global change discussions?, IGCP 609 Popular Scientific Overview. [online version]
  • Conrad, C.P. (2015), How climate influences sea-floor topography, Science, 347, 1204-1205, doi:10.1126/science.aaa6813. [online version] [reprint] [Crowley article]
  • Conrad, C.P. (2015), Plate Tectonics, in Discoveries in Modern Science: Exploration, Invention, Technology, ed. by J. Trefil, pp. 870-880, Macmillan Reference USA, Farmington Hills, MI. [reprint]
  • Conrad, C.P., B. Steinberger, and T.H. Torsvik (2013), Conrad et al. reply, Nature, 503, E4-E4, doi:10.1038/nature12793. (reply to comment by Rudolph & Zhong). [online version] [reprint]
  • Conrad, C.P. (2012), Review of A Student's Guide to Geophysical Equations by W. Lowrie, 2011, Geological Magazine, 149, 1132-1133, doi:10.1017/S0016756812000143. [online version] [reprint]
  • Dalton, C.A., C.P. Conrad, and A.M. Trehu (2011), What is the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary? , EOS, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 92, 481, doi:10.1029/2011EO510009. (meeting report) [online version] [reprint]
  • Conrad, C.P. (2000), Effects of lithospheric strength on convection in the Earth's mantle, PhD Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. [Available from MIT] [Abstract, Table of Contents, & Chap. 1] [Chap. 2] [Chap. 3] [Chap. 4] [Chap. 5] [Chap. 6] [Chap. 7 & Refs.]

Clint Conrad's Public Lectures